Landscape protection and planning. Selected issues

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  • Wydawnictwo: SGGW
  • Dostępność: Wysyłka w 24 godziny
  • Autor: Barbara Żarska, Beata Fornal-Pieniak, Ewa Zaraś-Januszkiewicz
  • Wydawca, rok wydania: SGGW, 2014
  • Liczba stron : 244
  • Oprawa i wymiary: miękka, 170 x 240 mm
  • ISBN: 978-83-7583-572-4
  • egz.
  • 32,90 zł
How to understand landscape and landscape protection, evolution in approach to nature, environment and landscape protection

The aim of this publication is to increase students' knowledge and skills on land-scape protection and planning with connection to legał reąuirements at EU, Interna­tional and state level. The book is addressed to students from every course, not only to landscape architects. Landscape is understood as a synthesis of natural, cultural and visual environment. This definition indicates that terms 'landscape1 and 'environment' arę very much alike. Contents of this textbook covers selected crucial issues what every landscape planner, student and graduate should know about landscape protection and shaping.

The book presents original authors' approach to landscape meaning and planning. Landscape protection is understood not only as setting up protected areas or objects (for example national parks, landscape parks, natural reserves, monuments of culture etc.) but also as rational use and planning of the whole landscape. The ecological as-pects of landscape protection and planning in urban and rural areas have been specially emphasised as crucial ones in era of sustainable development. Planning or shaping of landscape means giving function to areas and giving defined features to landscape elements. Original approach to landscape planning and shaping has been presented as a set of principles of landscaping with special regard to natural values and biological diversity protection and building of green infrastructure at every level of management.

Spis treści

Preface ... 5

1. How to understand landscape and landscape protection? ... 7

2. Evolution in approach to nature, environment and landscape protection – historic outline ... 13

3. International activities to protect the Earth’s environment ... 16

4. International and European Union legal instruments for landscape protection ... 20

4.1. International law and programmes ... 20

4.1.1. European Landscape Convention (ELC) ... 20

4.1.2. Other important international acts of law and programmes ... 21

4.2. European Union law and policy on landscape protection ... 24

5. International categories of protected areas set up by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ... 29

6. National level of landscape protection: the example and experience of Poland ... 30

7. Environmental aspects in landscape planning and protection ... 35

7.1. Ecological-spatial models of areas and landscape planning by the methodof ecological truss ... 35

7.2. Principles of landscape planning in terms of environmentavalues protection ... 38

7.3. Tourism planning in the aspect of landscape natural values protection – general principles ... 43

8. Plant communities in Poland ... 47

8.1. Vegetation in phytosociological aspect ... 47

8.1.1. Basic terms ... 47

8.1.2. Phytosociological record ... 48

8.1.3. Geobotanical division of Poland ... 49

8.2. Characteristic of natural plant communities ... 52

8.2.1. Forest and shrub vegetation ... 52

8.2.2. Water and rush vegetation ... 58

8.2.3. Peatbog vegetation ... 60

8.3. Characteristic of semi-natural plant communities ... 62

8.4. Characteristic of synanthropical plant communities ... 64

8.5. Attractiveness and usefulness of plant communities for recreation ... 67

9. Manor parks as valuable elements in rural landscape ... 69

9.1. Term and general information ... 69

9.2. Vegetation in manor parks ... 69

9.3. Aesthetic values of vegetation in manor parks ... 72

9.4. Vegetation evaluation of manor parks ... 72

10. Diversity of dendroflora – native species in Poland (the Central Europe) ... 74

11. Trees and shrubs in cultural landscape ... 80

11.1. Cultural landscape ... 80

11.2. The most important trees in prehistoric European culture ... 81

11.3. Trees in Polish cultural landscape ... 88

11.4. Single trees in cultural landscape ... 91

11.5. Trees lines in cultural landscape ... 92

12. Natural landscaping ... 96

12.1. Term and meaning ... 96

12.2. Plants in natural landscaping ... 96

13. Endangerments by invasive plant species ... 116

14. Principles of design – selected issues ... 124

15. Hortitherapy – therapeutic gardens: definitions and theories ... 207

 Bibliography ... 218